Unesco & GrandTours
The list of monuments declared by UNESCO “World Heritage” includes 31 sites scattered throughout Romania that can be grupati into 7 categories:
1. The wooden churches of Maramures: it is eight monuments included in the list of monuments protected by UNESCO in 1999:
– Barsana erected in 1720, the church is dedicated to the Virgin and has a rectangular plan with an apse of five sides; The bell tower stands on the nao
– Budesti – Josani was erected in 1642 and is dedicated to St. Nicholas; The plan is rectangular with a polygonal apse; features murals of 1762
– Desesti, dedicated to Santa Paraschiva, the church was built in 1770 in place of a church mentioned for the first time in a document of 1360; The interior paintings were done by a local artist, Radu Munteanu in 1780
– Ieud – the church is built on a rectangular plan with a polygonal apse in 1717 and is dedicated to the birth of the Virgin
– Sisesti (village Plopis) – dedicated to the Holy Archangels, the church was erected in 1796 with a rectangular floor and a porch in the west; The tower is 47 meters high; although smaller than the other churches of Maramures, Sisesti is considered the most beautiful and most harmonious
– Poienile Izei built in 1604 the church dedicated to Santa Parachiva has a rectangular shape with the square apse; West is an arcade; inside painting dates back to 1794
– The church of Targul Lapus (Rogoz village) was built in 1663 and dedicated to the Archangels; burned by the Tartars, it was rebuilt in 1717
– As the namesake church in the village Plopis, the Church Sisesti Surdesti the village is dedicated to the Holy Archangels; built in 1767 the church was built of oak on a stone base; The tower is 54 meters high flanked by four smaller towers.
2. The monasteries of Moldova
The monastic sites of Moldova (including Bucovina) were included in 1993 in the list of monuments protected by UNESCO. It is eight monuments mostly frescoed both inside inside:
– Voronet – erected in 1488 by Prince Stephen the Great (Stefan cel Mare), the church is dedicated to St. George; the exterior frescoes as well as the enclosed porch date back to 1547; the main theme of the frescoes painted on a light blue background is the Last Judgment; with its frescoes, the monastery church is called “the Sistine Chapel of the East” is being compared to famous monuments like the Sistine Chapel or Scrovegni Chapel in Padua;
– Sucevita is the “youngest” of the painted churches of the north of Romania; erected between 1583 and 1586 the church follows the religious architecture of the time: porch, nao and altar;
– Moldovita is dedicated to the Annunciation and was built by Prince Petru Rares in place of an older settlement; is one of the most important monuments of medieval art in Romania: internal and external frescoes depicting the Siege of Costantitopoli date back to 1537;
– The church of Humor Monastery was built in 1530 under the orders of the nobleman Teodor Bubuiog instead of another religious settlement of the fourteenth century; It is an example of Moldavian architecture with open porch;
– Erected in 1503 the monastery church Arbore has a longitudinal plane without tower; in nao there are two niches big mo ‘apses; outside there is a large apse to the table for the celebration of the memory of the dead;
– The church dedicated to the Holy Cross built by Stephen the Great in 1487 aPatrauti is small but very well proportioned; interior frescoes are of great aesthetic value;
– The church of Probota dedicated to St. Nicholas was built by Prince Petru Rares in 1530 and retains only the interior painting that dates back to 1532 while the exterior painting is totally destroyed;
– The church of San Giorgio Suceava dates back to 1514/1522; inside the relics of St. John the New.
3. The sites with Saxon fortified churches of Transylvania:
group seven monuments included in the UNESCO list of world heritage monuments in 1993 and in 1999: – Biertan; The church was built between 1492 and 1515 in late Gothic with Renaissance elements; the door of the sacristy is considered a masterpiece of the genre;
– Calnic; The fortress was mentioned for the first time in a document in the twelfth century; It keeps a dungeon paralellipipedico 1270 called the tower Siegfried;
– Dârjiu; the Unitarian church from the XIV – XV is fortified in the sixteenth century; inside it features murals of great artistic value;
– Prejmer is the strongest peasant fortress of Transylvania; very interesting is the evangelical church built in the Gothic style with Cistercian influences built 1250 with a plan to cross; inside houses the Baroque decorations and fragments of wall paintings;
– The Evangelical Church of Saschiz was built between 1493 and 1496 is interesting for its fortification; has one Navatta, an elongated choir and a polygonal apse;
– The church St. Peter (Petru Sfantul) of Valea Viilor dates back to the twelfth century; expanded and fortified in the fifteenth and the sixteenth century, the church has the respect of a defense tower and is surrounded by massive walls;
– The citadel of Viscri was built in the sixteenth century and a double walls; the Evangelical church built in Gothic style has undergone a series of transformations from the architectural point of view between the fifteenth and seventeenth century.
4. City Dacian in Orastie Mountains:
it’s six monuments included in 1999 in the list of world heritage monuments. All six are located in the Orastie Mountains, a few kilometers to the south of the town Orastie. Among these are:
– Blidaru (Costesti Blidaru), the city built in the second century BC residence of the Dacian King Burebista;
– Capalna is a Citto Dacian which rises to 610 m height;
– Costesti is a city that preserves the defense towers, situated on the hill Cetatuia to 561 m high;
– Lucani Piatra Rosie is located in the village Bosorod. The city was built in stone with five defensive towers between the first century BC and the first century A.D. and destroyed in 106 by the war Daco-Roman;
– Sarmizegetusa Regia was the capital of the Dacian state, administrative, political and military since the end of the first century BC until the end of the first century A.D. Very interesting are the sanctuaries that can be reached from the city through a road with stone slabs (the sacred way), one of the sanctuaries is of rectangular shape composed of six rows of ten columns each, while the other is circular and in fact you It was the Dacian calendar consists of 360 days.
5. The Monastery Horezu has been included among the monuments World Heritage Site in 1999. It is the largest architectural complex preserved in medieval Wallachia, erected by Prince Constantin Brancoveanu. The complex includes the church (built between 1690 and 1693), the tower Campanara, the chapel and the refectory.
6. Sighisoara is the most beautiful medieval city of Romania built between the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries that has preserved this until today: narrow streets, massive houses with windows decorated by red geraniums, walls and defense towers. Stand out the clock tower, the church of the hill and, of course, the house where he was born Prince Vlad Tepes, now restaurant.
7. The Danube Delta is the second delta size as Europe, with a total area of 2,681 sq km. It is considered a true paradise on earth thanks to the richness of its flora and fauna. The three branches through which the Danube flows into the Black Sea are Chilia, Sulina and Sfantul Gheorghe.